Helvetica is widely used as sans-serif typeface evolved in 1957 by Swiss typeface designer Max Miedinger with input from Eduard Hoffmann. Helvetica is a neo-grotesque or realist design, one influenced by the famous 19th century typeface Akzidenz-Grotesk and other German and Swiss designs. The usage of Helvetica became a hallmark of the international Typographic style which emerged from the work of Swiss designers in 1950s and 60s, being one of the most popular typefaces of the 20th century.
The influences of Helvetica included Schelter-Grotesk and Haas’ Normal Grotesk drawing attention on its release as Neue Haas Grotesk, Linotype adopted Neue Haas Grotesk for widespread release.
Helvetica is among the most widely used sans-serif typefaces. Versions exist for Latin, Cyrillic, Hebrew, Greek, Japanese, Korean, Hindi, Urdu, Khmer, and Vietnamese alphabets. Chinese faces have been developed to complement Helvetica.
The variants of Helvetica includes Helvetica Light (designed by Stempel’s artistic director Erich Schultz-Anker, in conjunction with Arthur Ritzel), Helvetica Inserat (version designed in 1957 primarily for use in the advertising industry), Helvetica compressed (designed by Matthew carter for cold type), Helvetica rounded (a version containing rounded stroke terminators), Helvetica narrow (a version where its width is between Helvetica compressed and Helvetica Condensed) etc.
There are few alternate styles of Helvetica like Helvetica Textbook (an alternate design of the typeface), Neue Helvetica thai (Thai font designer Anuthin Wongsunkakon of Cadson Demak Co. created Thai versions of Helvetica and Neue Helvetica fonts) etc.
Helvetica Alternative Fonts
The below fonts are highly popular and useful to design for body text, headlines, print design and advertising of every aspects. These fonts are very similar and close to the Helvetica fonts. You can use these fonts for both personal and commercial purposes.
Helvetica Neue is the reworking of the typeface with a more structurally unified set of the heights and widths. Other changes include improved legibility, heavier marks, and increased spacing in the numbers.
Helvetica Neue was developed at D. Stempel AG, a Linotype subsidiary. The studio manager was Wolfgang Schimpf, and his assistant was Reinhard Haus; the manager of the project was René Kerfante.